A cystic pimple is symptomatic of a severe case of acne vulgaris and is quite different than the typical bumps and blemishes associated with general skin problems. Big pimples that are filled with fluid and are as large as 5mm in width are cystic blemishes. These cysts or nodules can appear on or below the surface of the skin and can be so deep that they are even hard to see at times. The cause of these types of bumps are the same as most other forms of acne. Oil ducts get clogged which causes infections that lead to large, painful abscesses.
Teenagers are the most affected by this condition which can ultimately lead to scarring and serious skin damage if left untreated. "Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth." (3 John 1:2) An abscessed pimple is generally found on the face rather than other parts of the body. This makes having big pimples that much more traumatic, especially for self-conscious teenagers. Research has shown that contrary to popular wisdom, most acne is not directly caused by certain foods or poor hygiene. The fundamental cause of facial blemishes is related to hormonal changes that occur at puberty.
Other relative causes of the condition can be genetic, environmental, medicinal, or cosmetological. Unfortunately, some people just inherit the propensity to develop skin problems at certain times of their lives. For those who have a family history of acne, careful attention to the onset of puberty in children should be taken in order to circumvent a full blown condition that may follow a teen throughout his young adult years. Environment can also be a factor for some people such as living in a very humid climate or where heavy pollution occurs. Working in certain situations that continuously expose an individual to things like oil or grease in the air is also problematic for those who may develop serious pimples.
Using certain medicines such as barbiturates or lithium can stimulate epidermal abscesses to appear. A cystic pimple can develop when using certain medications so watchful vigilance of the skin should be taken when ingesting atypical medicines. Cosmetic products are sometimes the culprits in stimulating blemishes that can occur within 24 hours after using them. Makeup, shampoos, hair gels, shaving lotions or creams, and cleansers are all possible offenders for some people. Using hypoallergenic or acnegenic solutions may help at time, but users should not assume these are safe either.
Always monitor the use of skin or hair care products if a sudden outbreak of bumps occurs. A treatment protocol for a cystic pimple is not only to reduce the initial swelling and inflammation at the time, but to address the fundamental causes of the problem over the long term. As mentioned early, even though typical acne is not generally the direct result of foods or hygiene, abscessed bumps are the only condition which may be irritated or related to a poor diet. Doctors have surmised that toxins within the body may be involved in causing big pimples. It has been found that people who eat an unbalanced diet rich in fat and who do not drink lots of water tend to develop infected cysts.
Refined sugar, starches and cholesterol-laden foods are not healthy for the skin especially when combined with a lack of the necessary fluid intake. A lack of fruits, vegetables and fiber also makes it even more difficult for the body to rid itself of toxic build up. A complete change of eating habits is oftentimes recommended. A balanced diet that includes less meat with more fruits and vegetables as well as drinking 8-10 oz. glasses of water a day is the first place to start. Some doctors may even recommend a detox regimen that is designed to rid the body of toxic build-up in the digestive tract since a cystic pimple is usually an indication of systemic problems.
Those who work around oily environments may need to curtail or eliminate their exposure altogether in order to find relief. For example, teens who work in fast food restaurants, especially in the kitchen area, can develop large pimples due to the oil in the atmosphere that may settle on their facial skin over time. Infrequent boils and abscesses may be treatable at home, but cases of continuous and prolonged infections should be seen by a dermatologist. If adequate care is not taken, big pimples can cause serious, permanent scarring and discoloration.
Besides attention to general diet and environmental exposure, a doctor can prescribe topical as well as oral medications that will significantly reduce swelling and inflammation. A patient should never attempt to pop or drain a cystic pimple. Putting pressure on the bump only makes the infection and redness spread, complicating the problem. Trying to open the nodule with a sharp instrument will definitely not help and may lead to more scarring. Antibiotics are often used to treat big pimples and for those who have very severe cases, the drug Isotretinoin can be prescribed. This particular drug can clear over 85% of all cases but should be monitored for adverse side effects.
Scalp PimplesScalp pimples can be a common problem found among newborn babies and some adults that require a different approach than for those who struggle with typical acne. Pimples on scalp are not technically the exact type of acne found on the face, chest, neck and back. While typical acne is the result of an imbalance in the glandular production of the sebaceous gland that secretes directly onto the skin, most adult head acne is related to the hair follicles themselves. The oil glands produce oil around the hair follicle and sometimes an inflammation will result on some people's scalps. People who are worried about acne moving to their heads can rest assured that this is not considered typical acne. "Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you." (1 Peter 5:7)
Newborns also sometimes show signs of small, red bumps a few days after their birth. Scalp pimples are sometimes the result of exposure to their mother's hormones during the birthing process. Simply keeping the area dry over a period of days will allow the area to generally clear up on its own. Cradle cap may be part of an overall skin issue that can be addressed readily by rubbing baby oil onto the head and then combing through it with a small comb. This will loosen the yellowish-brown 'cap' that is somewhat attached to the skin. Sometimes small red bumps are part of the cradle cap, but it is nothing to be too concerned with as long as they are disappearing within a few days after birth.
Cradle cap, however, may take over 6 months to disappear, so consistently cleaning and applying baby oil to the head may be necessary. While the connection to hair follicles and oil glands are a fact in considering problem with pimples on scalp, health professionals are still not clear as to all the circumstances that may be connected to head acne. Sometimes infections such as mites, yeast, and bacteria can set up residence on the crown making it difficult for doctors to determine the exact causes of head acne in each case. Since hair provides a good, dark place for micro-organisms to flourish, some doctors begin in that arena when attempting to determine causes.
Yeast or Candida infections can spread anywhere on the body as well as on the skin, in the nose, and mouth. Yeast can also spread throughout the digestive tract and cause major system upheavals for many people. Yeast is naturally occurring in the intestinal area cohabitating with good flora which creates a healthy digestive balance. When medicines, illnesses or perhaps foods cause the delicate balance to tip, yeast can 'overgrow' to other places on or in the body.
Sometimes yeast can infect the crown and result in a small, red rash that stubbornly hangs on when treated with a variety of lotions and shampoos. A doctor may prescribe an oral as well as a topical medication to eradicate scalp pimples caused by yeast infection. Micro-organisms such as mites can also cause irritation and infection that can lead to bumps and pimples on scalp. There are medicated shampoos as well as medications that may be indicated for a specific problem.
Unfortunately, some people begin to see pimples and acne on their crowns as a result of bacteria such as staff. Staff infection is another stubborn condition to cure and generally calls for antibiotics and steroids applied topically. In any case, complete and continued cleanliness of the hair and skin is necessary to fully eliminate serious pimples on the scalp. Many people deal with milder conditions that are merely irritating and inconvenient, but do not pose a health threat. In these cases, there are many over the counter shampoos and scalp treatments that may be beneficial.
Most products that contain salicylic acid are manufactured for this very purpose and generally are the best to use for good success. A caution is offered for those who are considering using benzoyl peroxide for treatment purposes. Benzoyl peroxide will affect the color of one's hair as well as damage the hair. Sometimes the product has been known to make a person go bald. So, it is generally not a good choice for scalp pimples unless of course one is already bald! Dealing with head acne can be a long term process for some people even if it is not severe since determining the best avenue of treatment is also based on whether or not the skin is oily and whether or not a certain product will irritate it.
Also, will hair be damaged over long term use of certain products even if they are formulated specifically for pimples on scalp? What shampoos, gels, hair sprays and other typical products are safe and less irritating to use? Each individual must find the best treatment protocol for scalp pimples through careful research and application of the proper products. If that yields no success, it may be best to secure the services of a professional who can more quickly determine the best options for a cure.