Borderline diabetes is becoming a lost term. Research has found that borderline diabetes can actually be a few different conditions. However, you may think you have borderline diabetes if you have a glucose level of 140 to 199 mg/dl at the two-hour measurement during an oral glucose test or if your fasting blood glucose level is between 110 and 125mg/dl. Your diabetes symptoms could actually be impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, or Type 2 diabetes. Impaired glucose tolerance is the result of insulin resistance, when the body doesn't react to insulin thus making dangerously high levels of insulin to move glucose. Insulin resistance can cause clogged arteries, high blood pressure and impaired glucose tolerance. Eventually, the body can't make enough insulin to move glucose, resulting in the same damage as Type 2 diabetes, damage to the heart, eyes, and kidneys.
The pancreas usually secretes the hormone insulin to keep glucose (basically sugar) at a safe level in your bloodstream. People with diabetes have a pancreas that doesn't recognize glucose or doesn't make insulin to keep glucose at bay. Thus, people with diabetes have high glucose levels, 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more after an overnight fast. People with Type 1 diabetes make no insulin at all. Those with Type 2 diabetes do make insulin, but it's either not enough or the body doesn't recognize it. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the two. You can spot diabetes by looking out for symptoms of diabetes and visiting your doctor regularly for check-ups.
Diabetes symptoms are different for each type of diabetes. For Type 1, they can come on quickly and be severe. Watch out for increased thirst and hunger with dry mouth. You may suddenly lose weight and feel tired and weak. It's possible to also experience blurred vision if you have Type 1 diabetes. Another of the symptoms for Type 1 is heavy breathing and frequent urination. It is even possible to faint from Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 symptoms are sometimes not apparent or similar to Type 1 symptoms. They can also include yeast infections in women, impotence in men and itching of the groin area. Weight gain can also be a Type 2 symptom. Watch your cuts or sores. They may be slow to heal if you have Type 2 diabetes. You may also experience the diabetes symptom of tingling feet and hands.
If you have borderline diabetes or one of the conditions often labeled as borderline diabetes, there are some things you can do about it. You will want to get on a Type 2 diabetic diet. Regular exercise will also help to keep borderline diabetes under control. Remember that obesity can aggravate diabetes so exercise and dieting can work to help you with both conditions. Checking your blood glucose levels with a home glucose monitor can help you feel in control of your condition. Of course, you will want to consult your doctor about the best plan for your particular situation. Although there is no cure for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, you can work to make your diabetes manageable and complications few. Whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, you will want to control your blood pressure and cholesterol. A perfect balance of food intake, medication and exercise can also help you control this disease. It is also important to keep your appointments and report any changes in your condition to your doctor.
If you don't have diabetes, now is the time to work towards prevention. Diet and exercise are key in keeping diabetes that is borderline from developing into full-blown Type 2 diabetes. Try using a diet guide to help you prevent diabetes such as the Food Guide Pyramid, Carbohydrate Counting and Rating your Plate. A healthy diet should include a variety of foods. It is important to have a reasonable balance of vegetables, whole grains, beans, lean meats, fruits and non-dairy products. You will want to eat foods that are rich in minerals, vitamins, and fiber. Avoid fast food and processed foods. Overall, don't eat too much of anything and watch your portions. If you just can't seem to figure out what to eat, consider consulting a nutritionist. They will offer the best advice and help you to maintain a healthy diet.
Living diabetes that is borderline or even Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes is possible. You will, however, have to use some self-control and may need the support of those around you. Pray that God will give you the strength to maintain a healthy lifestyle. "I will love thee, O Lord, my strength" (Psalm 18:1). Talk to your family about helping you eat better and exercise. A new lifestyle is much easier to maintain with a group involved. You may even want to consider joining a diabetic support group through your doctor's office. These groups may even offer special classes for diabetics, including exercising classes and instructions on dieting properly. Remember that you don't have to overcome diabetes on your own.