Signs Of High Blood Sugar
Signs of high blood sugar include extreme thirst, extreme hunger, frequent urination, blurred vision, stomachache, lethargy, and headache. Emergency symptoms might include difficulty in breathing, feeling confused, vomiting, and the presence of ketones in the urine. Ketones are a result of high glucose levels and are chemicals in the urine that appear when the body is burning fat for energy. Many drug stores carry the strips used to check urine for testing ketones at home. Blood sugar levels for men, women, and children should remain below 120 to be normal, and that count is after fasting or at least 2 hours after a meal. Impacts of hyperglycemia to ones health include heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems including blindness, and nerve damage.
Untreated hyperglycemia can result in hardening of the arteries because the excess amounts of glucose in the blood are damaging to vessels. The longer the signs of high blood sugar go unchecked the more damage that is done to the body. High risk individuals who have family members with diabetes or those who are overweight should have their glucose levels checked at least once per year. It may be necessary for a physician to administer a glucose tolerance tests in order to diagnose pre-diabetes. A glucose tolerance test checks the glucose levels at several intervals after drinking glucose, in order to see how well the body is producing and utilizing insulin. Sometimes it isn't a matter of the body producing enough insulin but how well the body is using the insulin towards controlling blood sugar levels for men, women and children.
Diabetes can affect quality of sleep if glucose counts are elevated. Treatment for sleeping may be necessary because poor sleep may also affect the body's ability to work properly making blood sugar levels for men, women, and children elevated and can have a negative effect on mental and physical health. Studies have shown that individuals suffering with hyperglycemia may experience depression and extreme mood swings. Trusting and having faith in God brings hope to those who are downcast, "Why art thou cast down, O my soul? And why art thou disquieted within me? Hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise Him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God" (Psalms 42:11). People with signs of high blood sugar may often complain of body aches, headaches, and being woke up during the night because of frequent urination. All of these things can play a part in poor quality sleep. Physicians recommend some lifestyle changes for those suffering with insomnia. Cut back on caffeine usage, avoid naps during the daytime, don't eat anything within two hours of bedtime, and don't drink alcoholic beverages before bedtime. Allow some wind down time and don't exercise or do anything strenuous or mentally taxing right before going to bed.
Foot and chronic skin infections, gum disease, and vision problems are concerns for those with hyperglycemia. It is vital for individuals that have uncontrolled glucose to be aware of the importance of checking for skin infections, wounds that aren't healing properly, or even severe dry skin. Extreme dry skin can cause cracking and bleeding leading to an infected wound. Nerve damage will make one unaware of wounds that are infected because there may be no discomfort or pain with it. Doctors recommend that individuals with diabetes never go without shoes and wear ones that fit well and are comfortable. One of the signs of high blood sugar is slow healing wounds. Even a sinus infection should be treated promptly because of the risks associated with one that goes unchecked. A slow healing sinus infection can spread to the lungs and the brain. Damage to the eyes can lead to cataracts, glaucoma, and even blindness. Another serious problem with damage to the blood vessels within the eyes is retinopathy. This can lead to blindness if it goes untreated. Also watch out for slow healing after a trip to the dentist, and gum inflammation.
Diabetics need to purchase a glucose meter for checking glucose levels throughout the day. Working with a registered dietitian is usually recommended for hyperglycemia because diet is a very important part of treatment. It may be necessary for patients to adjust insulin or medication when meal plans are adjusted. Studies have shown that a regular exercise program helps to lower blood sugar levels for men, women, and children. To keep glucose levels even throughout the day, nutritionists recommend eating meals at regular intervals including snack times and checking blood sugar levels frequently. Don't try to skip meals and remember that it is better to eat low fat, low sugar, high protein, and fiber rich foods. An illness or stress can affect glucose measurements and some over the counter medications can as well.