Green Amber Jewelry
With the fall of communism wholesale amber jewelry has become easier to procure. With a large majority of all amber originating in the Baltic region (Poland, Lithuania and Latvia), the industry suffered under the travel and export restrictions resulting from the USSR's imposed communism. With so much of the industry residing on the other side of the iron curtain, the rest of the world was hard pressed to find this fascinating gem. The notable exception to the Baltic varieties is green amber jewelry and a few other unique colors, which originate in the Dominican Republic. Not only were these sought after because they were easier to get during the 1970s, but for their unique, fascinating colors and incredible clarity. The varieties in Dominican Republic are called natural, because they are not treated with oil and polished with flannel like they are in the Baltic regions. The Baltic strains have succinic acid, while that found in Dominican Republic is called retinite.
Fossilized tree sap, rather than a carbon derivative, burn-stone as it is often called, has qualities rarely found in other gemstones. If held to fire, rather than simply change colors like other gems, this stone will ignite and burn like fossil fuel. This unique gem is florescent, and a piece of green amber jewelry is more malleable than a ring or necklace made out of other stones. When purchasing wholesale amber jewelry caution must be given not to purchase a piece of copal, which is of lesser value. According to secular sources, burn-stone is thought to be millions of years old, as copal may be only a few thousand years in age. As a result, copal is only partially hardened tree resin. The tree sap goes through something called polymerization. This process causes the resin to harden a little bit, but it's not called amber until turpenes, natural oils, evaporate to cause complete hardening.
The differences between the two stones aren't always obvious to the naked eye, but various tests can be run to determine if the piece in question has finished fossilizing. The acetone test will distinguish copal and plastic from the natural stone. If copal is immersed in acetone, it will become sticky and soft. Authenticity can also be tested by looking at the stone in question under ultraviolet light. As stated before, burn-stone is florescent under UV rays, while copal and plastic are not. Copal and plastic will both sink, rather than easily float, in heavily salted water. Performing these tests will help determine authenticity, as copal is often placed onto a mossy colored setting to bear the appearance of green amber jewelry, which would garner more profits for the seller.
While the sap is hardening, there are occasionally plants or animals that get stuck in the middle of the drying resin. This is called an inclusion. When these inclusions were first discovered, the stone was dubbed gum-stone for having been liquid hardening like gum. An inclusion is unique to burn-stone. Green amber jewelry is sought after because the Dominican Republic produces more inclusions than the Baltic region. The mossy color of the stone is thought to be produced by an abundance of plant inclusions. Whole sale amber is often priced higher the more inclusions it has. Buyers should beware though if the gum-stone tests as authentic, but is surprisingly affordable. Wholesale amber jewelry is uncovered in the Dominican Republic through a process call bell pitting. It is an extremely dangerous practice of digging small holes, either horizontally or vertically into the terrain of the Dominican Republic. With very little bracing, the possibility of cave-in is quite high. If the price seems too good to be true, danger probably drove the price so low. The lives of young people may have been put at stake for beautiful mossy piece currently for sale at such a great price.
With all the choices in accessories and a market flooded with every kind of gemstone imaginable, gum-stone can be delightfully unique and interesting. Now that the iron curtain has come down, the yellow burn-stone is readily available for patrons in the West. In fact, the amber industry benefits the economy of Lithuania to the extent that gum-stone is now called "Lithuanian Gold." The Baltic region and the Dominican Republic aren't the only home for this unique fossilized stone. England has small, ball-shaped deposits on some of its beaches. Burma and Switzerland also have some of deposits of this hardened resin. Madagascar has huge amounts of copal.
If only small pieces are available, two or more pieces may be combined by heating them repeatedly then pressing and holding them together. If the selection is cloudy, bathing the fossilized resin in oil and polishing it with flannel can clarify the piece. Placing a segment of burn-stone onto a colored setting can enhance its original color or add a hint of a new one. The result is a magnificent ornament to be worn or just admired. Historically, amber was thought to increase joy and peace of mind. It has been found in ancient ruins and recovered from tombs. In the Bible, burn-stone was mentioned in reference to the appearance of Jesus. "Then I beheld, and lo a likeness as the appearance of fire: from the appearance of his loins even downward, fire; and from his loins even upward, as the appearance of brightness, as the colour of amber." (Ezekiel 8:2) Often, magicians would wear gum-stone pendants around their necks to increase their "power." With one glance at the translucent shimmer of a piece of green amber jewelry, it is not surprising that people have desired gum-stone for thousands of years. With the increase in global economy, purchases can be made worldwide. In a matter of minutes, wholesale amber jewelry can be ordered over the Internet and received through the mail in a matter of weeks. The recipient can participate in an age-old appreciation for the artistry of this fossil and bear a little piece of ancient history upon their body.
Green Amethyst NecklaceA wife opens a box revealing green amethyst earrings nestled in the rich, black velvet layers within. Amethyst is the stone commemorating six years of marriage, and choosing the rare lime color was a stroke of genius on her husband's part. This jewelry, glistening from her lobes, is as unique and breathtaking as she is. Amethyst is actually a kind of quartz. Quartz shows up in many stones that are currently mined, but there is often too little pure quartz to set into jewelry. For this reason a green amethyst necklace or earrings would be a rare and beautiful accessory.
Quartz comes is various colors and forms, but all are divided into two groups, depending on the size of the crystals composing it. The group with large crystals is called macro crystalline quartz. All quartz, no matter what the size of the crystals within, reacts to heat or friction by becoming magnetically charged. Heat can also cause quartz to change color, as is the case in green amethyst earrings. Lime-colored quartz, or Prasiolite, is found in Arizona and Brazil where the scorching heat has reconfigured the crystals in such a way as to produce a lime-green to forest-green color. Gemologists speculate that volcanic activity may have led to the origin of the lime-colored Prasiolite. There are locations around the world that have groups of Prasiolite all together, suggesting past volcanic history in the area. Now, the color of quartz can be changed to lime by artificially heating it to over 250 degrees Fahrenheit. The advantage to this method is that a green amethyst necklace and other Prasiolite jewelry become less rare, thus less expensive. Often, if the quartz was originally purple and then was heated to become green, the jeweler will distinguish man-made from the natural stones by applying the label "greened" rather than "green," to describe the quartz for the sake of clarity. Also, when the quartz is treated in the laboratory rather than naturally, the color is more even throughout the entire stone. When it is heated by forces of nature, this type of quartz tends to have color and shade variations present throughout even the smallest sample.
Over the years Prasiolite has been known by a variety of names. Prasiolite is also called Lime Citrine, Vermarine, and Green Quartz. All of the nicknames refer to the unique yellow-lime color this quartz bears. In fact, Prasiolite comes from the Greek word "prason," which means leek. The root word combines that vegetable reference with the Greek word "Lithos" which means stone. So essentially, Prasiolite means "stone that looks like a light-green vegetable." Due to this green hue, Vermarine is often confused with Peridot and Tourmaline. Neither Peridot nor Tourmaline is a type of quartz and can be distinguished from Lime Citrine under a microscope or through testing. In ancient times, Amethyst was thought to ward off intoxication. This quartz even derives its name from the Greek word for "not drunk" or "not intoxicated." For this reason, it was often used to make wine goblets. History proves that the overindulgent wine drinkers were mistaken about the sobering effects of this quartz and suffered the natural consequences of drinking too much.
Though not to stay sober, the priests in ancient Israel wore breastplates decorated with various stones, including this form of quartz. "And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings." (Exodus 28:17-20) Prasiolite in particular was shrouded in mystique. It was thought to link the soul and body. Green amethyst necklaces were sometimes worn to "attract" money, because the soul and body were united. Those of high rank, even royalty, wore them as a symbol of their opulent lifestyle. Though, history again suggests that green amethyst earrings were ornaments to be appreciated, but not guided by.
Due to the stone's rich history, rare beauty and tradition of high position, a green amethyst necklace would be a fabulous choice for an anniversary or birthday present. Green amethyst earrings will often include diamonds or pearls in an attempt to highlight its shine and beauty. The Vermarine gem is hard enough to be set in any metal or alloy, however white gold and silver seem to complement the lime coloring far better than yellow gold. In jewelry that showcases Lime Citrine, the stone is often cut in briolettes. Briolettes are tear-shaped stones or cylindrical pendants. The jeweler cuts the Vermarine briolettes in such a way as to make all the facets triangular. This increases the glistening effect of the facets and creates a unique cut for a one-of-a-kind gemstone. Often times, green amethyst necklaces and other Vermarine jewelry will feature a large number of briolettes, measuring from 7 to 9 mm, all dangling amongst silver chains, lines of diamonds or grouped by themselves. The celery-colored tear drops dangling from an earlobe are so striking in their uniqueness that they garner a considerable amount of praise.
As with all macro crystalline quartz, the owner of a Prasiolite piece should take care to keep the gemstones out of extended direct heat and friction. Though rare, green amethyst necklaces and earrings can fade in tone, or the color can change slightly from repeated exposure to heat and pressure. For this reason, Vermarine should be removed while sunbathing, though showering and cooking pose no danger of damage to the stone. With care, the recipient of a green amethyst necklace or other accessories can have a unique piece in their collection that will attract attention for years to come.