Children With Attention Deficit Disorder
Dealing with children with attention deficit disorder can be a difficult challenge for parents who want the best for their offspring as well as for the impaired child. A certain level of impulsiveness and active behavior can be expected during childhood, but families that are struggling with attention deficit disorder, or ADD, are generally dealing with issues that can have a major negative impact on how a child functions both at school and at home. Often, a child with ADD or ADHD will have experience isolation. Their behavior or academic problems can make them stand out in a negative way from other children in their class. Identifying children with attention deficit disorder in a timely manner can help the student understand and begin to deal with the issues that are making them stand out from their piers.
But diagnosis is just the beginning. Finding effective treatments for ADD and other related disabilities is very important. And the earlier the problem is discovered and addressed, the more likely that the family and the child will be able to find ways to effectively cope. ADD is generally an inherited condition that is caused by a dysfunction that occurs in the brain. Addressing this problem is vital and education is imperative. Bad decisions that impact the home or school atmosphere can do much to exacerbate the problem. A medical professional can usually supply parents with information on disorders of this nature and provide advice on treatment. There is no cure that is currently available for children with attention deficit disorder, but there are a number of ways to deal with the problem that can be very effective.
Working with educators is important as well. Parents should stay active involved in the educational lives of all of their children, but particularly those who struggle with ADD. There will usually be a number of records and documentation that a parent will need to keep track of. Maintaining all of this information in an organized format can do much to help medical and educational professionals effectively help a child to deal with ADD. There are also a number of educational rights that belong to children with attention deficit disorder. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act guarantees specific types of help and as well as information and educational opportunities to families and children with ADD. In addition to professional and educational assistance, families should also reach out friends and extended family for help. If everyone who has regular contact with the child understands the issues that the family is dealing with, misunderstandings can be minimized and needed support can be realized.
There are a variety of symptoms that may be exhibited by children with attention deficit disorder. If a child is forgetful, or is easily distracted, this may be an indicator of ADD. However, it is important to remember that young children may present many symptoms of this disease but this in not necessarily an indicator of future problems. The trend toward evaluating a child too early can lead to an incorrect diagnosis. But as a child moves beyond early elementary years, these symptoms may indicate the presence ADD.
Some of the hallmarks of children with attention deficit disorder are a resistance toward anything that requires sustained concentration, a lack of attention to details, disorganization, poor listening skills, and a multitude of careless mistakes. A child with a more hyperactive type of disorder will have a difficult time staying still or in one place. They will fidget and squirm a good deal and have a tendency to interrupt others. Taking turns or enjoying quiet activities can be very hard for a child who struggles with HD, or hyperactivity deficit disorder. For some families, a child may suffer from a combination of these two disorders called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. When this is the case, a smrgsbord of symptoms from both extremes will usually be present. For parents, the prospect of seeing a child with ADHD reach their full potential can seem beyond reach. But the Bible encourages believers to remember that God will always complete a work that He has begun. "Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ." (Philippians 1:6)
The treatments that are available for children with attention deficit disorder can include medication, behavioral intervention techniques, training of parents, and an educational plan that addresses the child's needs. Generally, behavioral intervention techniques will involve positive reinforcement that accompanies any behaviors or attitudes that are correct. Children with less severe disabilities of this nature may respond well to such positive reinforcement. Educational interventions may be necessary as well, but does not always need to be accomplished through major adjustment. However, some children with attention deficit disorder may require more drastic educational alterations. Many children respond well to medications. These prescribed drugs may be one of any of a number of stimulants or may be non stimulants. Treatment that reaches into the adult years may be necessary as well. When this is the case, learning to adapt to the disability in a way that promotes success in the adult world is needed. Vocational counseling can also be very useful for adults who are trying to succeed at their jobs and in life in spite of their disabilities. With the help and support of loved ones, as well as medical and educational professionals, those dealing with ADD, HD or ADHD can find success and fulfillment.
Attention Deficit DisorderFor many people, attention deficit disorder is a rather mysterious or misunderstood medical malady. Although scientific research can point to probable causes of the disorder, the exact reasons for its manifestation in specific children is unclear. Even the name is somewhat misleading. Actually, the name is often shortened by many people. ADD has officially been called Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder since about 1994. But for the purpose of this article Attention deficit disorder will be used. According to many ADHD websites, the disorder is a neurobiologically-based disability that affects approximately three to five percent of the school age children in the United States. Unfortunately, there is no cure for ADD. However, with age and treatment, many children are able develop workable methods to deal with the disorder. Again, nobody can say exactly what causes ADD in children.
Behavioral problems and attention deficit disorder in children can be a great cause of distress for many parents, especially when then they don't know what causes the misbehavior. Often times, parents seek advice from family and friends on how to control the child's behavior. Neither punishment and rewards nor pleas and threats seem to work. That's because the child has little or no control over the behavior. Parents must seek appropriate help in distinguishing between ADD and just inappropriate behavior. First, and foremost, parents must seek help from the Lord and give the child what is really needed. Science can help but not without the blessings of the Lord. "Ask and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you: For everyone that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened. Or what man is there for you, whom if his ask for bread, will he give him a stone? Or if he ask for a fish, will he give him a serpent? If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?" (Matthew 7: 7-11) Seek appropriate council. Learn what the child needs physically and spiritually and pray for deliverance.
Scientific research and data suggests that ADD may be genetically transmitted in some cases. There is evidence linking attention deficit disorder to chemical imbalances in the brain. Deficiency in certain neurotransmitters may also be to blame. For a long time scientists, doctors, and mental health professionals considered ADD to be one specific disorder but with variations from person to person. But research determined that wasn't appropriate because some children display certain aspects of the disorder but not others. Now, ADD is divided into three subtypes: predominately combined type, predominately inattentive type, and predominately hyperactive-impulsive type. For each attention deficit disorder subtype, there are dominant main features or characteristics. These subtypes were developed because some children may not have any problem controlling behavior or with sitting still, but are inattentive. Other children may remain attentive, but they lose focus due to being hyperactive-impulsive.
According to one website, combined type is the most prevalent type of attention deficit disorder. Diagnosis of ADD can be complicated because like most mental health concerns there is no standard blood test or other medical formula to use. First, the doctor will thoroughly review the child's medical history. Then the doctor will perform a complete medical examination to rule out obvious physical reasons for the child's behavior. The diagnosis process will include interviews with the child, his or her parents, and teachers. Observations and behavioral ratings by teachers and parents will be considered. Finally, a variety of psychological tests will be performed. These tests measure the child's I.Q., social and emotional health, and determine the presence of any learning disability. A child with inattentive type will show signs of inattention and being easily distracted, which are two different problems. A child is distractible, if their attention process is easily disrupted. Signs to look out for are failure to pay attention to detail or making careless mistakes. Also, the child may not appear to listen, even when spoken to directly. The inability to follow basic instructions or to get and remain organized can also be indications of a serious problem. The child may avoid any work that involves mental effort. These are just a few of the signs of the inattentive subtype. For a complete list consult an attention deficit disorder website or mental health professional.
Visible signs of the hyperactive subtype include fidgeting with hands or feet. Also, the child may squirm when required to sit for periods of time. Hyperactive children may leave their seat or run and climb at inappropriate times. These children may seem to be on the go or talk excessively. Difficulty awaiting their turn or interrupting and intruding on others are signs of impulsivity. Keep in mind, almost every child will exhibit some or all of these behaviors at one time or another. So don't automatically assume the child has attention deficit disorder. If a child is diagnosed with ADD, the course of treatment is fairly standard. Treatment usually includes medication. Stimulants such as Ritalin and Dexedrine are often used. Both work to decrease hyperactivity and impulsivity while increasing attentiveness. According to ADD experts, educating parents and managing the child's classroom environment are important components of the treatment plan. Behavioral therapy is beneficial. Perhaps the most important part of the treatment program is understanding and support from parents, family, and teachers.