Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Many soldiers and other people experience post traumatic stress disorder, especially among returning veterans. Many have asked what the treatment for post traumatic stress disorder entails and how a person knows if he has this condition. This can be difficult to ascertain because normal distress can have many symptoms and problems. PTSD is just one way people display their anxiety after a trying incident. Some common symptoms are depressions, anxiety, inability to cope with normal activities, and uncontrollable weeping. For most people, these problems go away after a few weeks as the sufferer begins to cope with the tragedy. But for others, the symptoms remain, resulting in loss of control and deepening depression. Sometimes the experience can last for years.
The experience that causes post traumatic stress disorder is one of great injury or danger of death. The four main warning signs are reliving the experience in the mind, avoiding the experience, a feeling of numbness, or an arousal. The replaying of the tragedy may occur over and over, causing the person to relive the horrifying moments he lived through. This can happen during dreams or when the sufferer is awake. Many examples of this have been shown through the lives of disabled veterans. Children are also susceptible to PTSD. These children may have survived a natural disaster, been the victim of a crime, experienced a tragedy like a school shooting, been in some kind of serious vehicle accident, or been the victim of abuse, either physical or emotional. In the case of children, treatment for post traumatic stress disorder must be tailor made for their age.
The symptoms for adult post traumatic stress disorder take on certain forms. Avoidance may mean that the patient evades activities which remind him of the original incident. For example, a patient may refuse to go to a target range because the sound of the gunshots brings back horrifying events. Other victims may experience an opposite reaction in which they have a loss of feeling, especially positive emotions. Arousal may mean that the sufferer has a feeling of heightened awareness, of being on guard when things are safe. Sleep and concentration may be impossible. For children with PTSD, their mental state is caught up in the state of their parents', and that might mean that the children will react to the symptoms of the parent. The more severe the trauma, the greater chance that the child will develop PTSD. At risk children and adolescents have very high rates of contracting PTSD, even as high as 100 percent for some at risk children. This is especially true of youngsters to experience the death of a parent at the hands of another person or those who have been sexually abused.
Treatment for post traumatic stress disorder starts with an assessment by a professional. This assessment can take as little time as 15 minutes or up to eight hours. Some of these assessments are necessary for legal claims and insurance claims. Significant people related to the victim may also be interviewed to get other takes on the tragedy. When undergoing a test like this, it is essential to know the qualifications and experience of the professional conducting the test. The professional will want to know if there have been other traumas in the past, because these will show the likelihood of the presence of PTSD. Females are more likely to develop this condition than are males. For children, the age of exposure makes a great deal of difference. A child will not have the same symptoms as an adult will have, so the examiner will look for age-specific characteristics of the condition. They might have separation anxiety, avoidance of situation that bear no resemblance to the original trauma, sleep disturbances, and a preoccupation with unrelated words and symbols.
Young ones under the age of eight with post traumatic stress disorder will not be able to express their fears or tell of their experiences. Therefore, therapy must address this age-specific problem. Elementary aged children might experience "time skew," where they mis-sequence trauma-related events when recalling the memory. Omen formation means the child believes that there were warning signs that predicted the trauma. Normally, adults do not have these warning signs of PTSD. Adolescents may exhibit aggressive and impulsive behaviors. Therapies in these patients entails cognitive behavior therapy CBT, play therapy, and psychological first aid. Another therapy is eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Post traumatic stress disorder can be a life-limiting disease.
But we have hope. Philippians 4:6 states, "In nothing be anxious; but in everything by prayer and supplication let your requests be known unto God." Relying on God is the spiritual treatment for post traumatic stress disorder. There are also some good medications on the market that can be prescribed by a physician who oversees the patient's needs. An assessment can pinpoint the source of the problem, and then a health-plan can be drawn up to help the sufferer come back from the brink of mental disaster. A PTSD check list will highlight the areas of a person's life that are causing the emotional difficulties. A victim can find self-assessment helps on the Internet from reputable groups. For those who love someone afflicted with this condition, the warning signs are clear and the treatment for post traumatic stress disorder are now much more sophisticated. Therapists who are experienced in this field can be found across the country and even internationally.
Severe DepressionSevere depression is only one of many forms of the mood-affecting disorder that strikes most people at one time or another. Several forms of depression that affect children as well as adults include major, bipolar, psychotic, and mild depression. There are also other types of the mood disorder and many times those who are afflicted need some sort of major depression treatment in order to resolve or lessen its severity. Several types of symptoms can overlap, making it difficult at times to make a distinction between the forms. Other health and emotional issues can exacerbate, overlap or result from depressive symptoms as well. A multi-pronged approach to treatment and subsequent wellness is generally a foregone fact in most cases because of the complex nature of the human mind, body and spirit.
Organic complications can be the cause of bipolar, premenstrual, and postpartum depressive illnesses. Brain chemistry, hormones and physical difficulties can cause imbalances that in turn, cause major upsets of emotional and mental stability. Severe depression has been a result of many women who suffer from postpartum hormonal problems. Postpartum depression has been blamed for erratic, sociopathic behavior that has resulted in murder or suicide cases in recent years. Approximately 10 percent of women suffer from extreme hormonal imbalances due to childbirth and can lapse into a state of continual depressive symptoms that lasts for years if they do not receive a major depression treatment. Those who have a history of depressive symptomology are more likely to develop postpartum problems in severe intensity.
The lack of understanding in past years, about this form of organically induced mental anguish, has left many women to suffer alone. The past few years have divulged difficult side affects of postpartum difficulties creating an awareness in the general public about the legitimate problems associated with pregnancy and childbirth. Severe depression is seen in many people who may not have an apparent organic stimulation for the problem. Many times a traumatic event, personal failure, unexpected life change or other unsettling event or a combination of events can be catalysts that push a person into deep depressive symptoms. While it is true that most people go through short periods of discouragement, sadness or melancholia, many are able to work out of the period within a few weeks. "...weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning." (Psalm 30:5)
Professionals suggest that if depressive symptoms continue for more than two weeks and continually escalate, it is apparent that help is needed. Symptoms such as loss of appetite, sleeplessness, weight loss, irritability, moodiness, extreme sadness, and listlessness are all part of the symptomology associated with depressive problems. While any one of these are common responses to some events in life, a prolonged and multiple presentation of these symptoms can be dangerous if left unaddressed. The severity of the problem is more apparent when a person begins to loose any enjoyment in life or their life begins to be effected by the symptoms. Those that fall into severe depression may come to the place that they cannot function normally and may begin to skip work, withdraw from friends and give up favorite activities.
While there are many forms of depressive disorders, not all require the same treatment protocol or need the same length of time for recovery. As varied as the types of depressive problems, so are the various treatment options. Most options are used for major depression treatment plans for those who experience the deepest and most problematic forms of the disorder. Current forms of treatment have proved very successful for many patients and include some of the newest medications, hormone therapies, and physical reactive therapies. Medications such as antidepressants and booster meds have been successful for some suffers. Prozac and other antidepressants are popular choices for doctors who regularly prescribe medications to those who are suffering from severe depression. Booster medications are also used to more quickly create mood enhancement while waiting for a typical antidepressant to kick in.
Booster medications are used to stimulate the thyroid which works in conjunction with an antidepressant. Other booster meds are Ritalin and lithium, and may be used in complex medication therapies for major depression treatment. Hormone therapy is more widely used today as health care professionals are becoming more aware of the effects that hormone imbalances cause in many women. Hormones affect the brain through estrogen and progesterone interactions in all females. A successful, delicate balance is sometimes what separates women who are balanced emotionally and those who suffer from serious depression. For many women, undergoing hormone treatments is the key to recovery. Other new treatments are rooted in magnetic therapy and pacemaker implantation that affect electrical responses in the brain. Treatments for depressive symptoms have come a long way since the days of removing teeth and colons for melancholia or putting patents under grueling weeks of highly charged shock treatments. Today, there are many ways of dealing with the difficult symptoms of a depressive disorder and there is legitimate hope for a pain-free existence for many who suffer with depressive problems.