Diet For Type 2 Diabetes
A diet for type 2 diabetes includes eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat meat and dairy products, and avoiding foods high in sugar with little nutritive value. One of the best ways to help control blood sugar is through exercise. Type 2 diabetes prevention is possible through weight loss and adopting healthy lifestyle changes. Symptoms of high blood sugar include increased thirst and urination, extreme hunger, fatigue, blurred vision, slow healing sores, frequent infections, and weight loss. Risk factors are obesity, sedentary lifestyle, family history, age, and gestational diabetes. Treatment includes careful monitoring of blood sugar, regular exercise, and taking medication or insulin therapy.
Exercise not only helps a person to lose weight but it has a positive effect on blood sugar levels as sugar is moved from the bloodstream to cells. Type 2 diabetes prevention includes becoming knowledgeable about what causes the illness. Food is broken down into glucose and then is carried through the blood to the cells. A hormone in the body called insulin helps process the sugar in the blood to the cells for energy. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to make enough insulin or when the cells do not use the insulin properly. Physical activity can help the body to use the insulin properly.
Risk factors that can contribute to the disease include being overweight, having diabetes in pregnancy, having a close family member with the disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and a history of heart disease. The best way to help prevent the occurrence of the disease is to lose weight and eat according to a diet for type 2 diabetes. Making wise food choices will help to keep weight down, keep blood pressure down, cholesterol and triglycerides will be lower, and there will be less chances of developing heart disease.
Eating healthy can be easy if a menu or meal planning is initiated. A person with poor eating habits may find change difficult. However, new habits can be established a little at a time. One of the best ways to start a diet for type 2 diabetes is by making lists of good foods and bad foods. Favorite foods under the bad foods list will need to be changed. The best way to go about doing this is to try and find healthy substitutes. Many people find that the foods that they have the most trouble substituting are snack foods. Instead of eating a candy bar, try fruit, or low-fat yogurt. Instead of eating fried foods try grilled, baked, or roasted foods. Instead of drinking regular soda try diet soda or just drink more water. Do not try and make all the changes and substitutions overnight but instead try making one change per day and gradually switch over. Changing suddenly can make it much more difficult to accomplish possibly causing discouragement and failure. When changes are difficult it brings comfort to know that the Lord never changes. "For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed." (Malachi 3:6)
A person who has been diagnosed with pre-diabetes should begin making a commitment to lower risks for developing full blown high blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes prevention can help a person to avoid having to take medication and may help to stave off other risks associated with the illness. Even with pre-diabetes a person that goes without treatment can experience complications such as high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney disease, blindness, and infections. After being diagnosed with pre-diabetes a person should schedule yearly physical and eye exams, keep abreast of sores that are healing slowly, take good care of feet, get a flu shot every year, quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption, get plenty of sleep, reduce stress, and make lifestyle changes.
To have success with diet, consider becoming one of those people in the grocery store that reads food labels. A diet for type 2 diabetes should include foods that have ingredients that are organic and provide health benefits. Some of these include whole grains, soy, oats, olive oil, canola oil, peanut oil, apples and other fruit, and nuts. Do not buy any products that have hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oil. The ingredients are listed according to amount; in other words, if the first ingredient is sugar, then sugar is the main ingredient. Foods high in sugar should be avoided; instead choose sugar-free products whenever possible and limit intake of white flour and white rice products. Another ingredient to avoid that is often found in processed foods is high fructose corn syrup.
A normal blood sugar is between 70 mg/dL and 100 mg/dL after fasting. When a person has between 100 mg/dL and 125 mg/dL after fasting he or she will be diagnosed with pre-diabetes. Blood sugar counts above 125 mg/dL after fasting indicate high blood sugar and usually follows with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. When blood sugar levels are high, damage occurs to blood vessels and nerves. Nerve damage over time can lead to neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy affects nerves in the arms, legs, feet, and hands. Autonomic neuropathy affects nerves in the organs. Blood vessel damage can lead to hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Type 2 diabetes prevention helps a person to acquire the knowledge to make the necessary changes to avoid the complications associated with the illness.
Diabetes Diet PlanA diabetes diet plan is very important in stabilizing many patients who may be able to go without insulin injections for their particular type of illness. Sometimes diabetes diet therapy can even help some people come off insulin dependency if they are especially careful to follow every aspect. There are generally two types of the illness that is diagnosed among patients although there are many sub types that afflict many people in varying degrees. Type I diabetes is generally found in children and adolescence who present with an insulin dependency. Type I has now been recognized to have autoimmune factors involved in its diagnosis. Type II diabetes is diagnosed in most people over 40 who are overweight, have a family history of the illness or are inactive. This particular type responds very well to a diabetes diet and can give a new lease on life for patients who are disciplined.
Difficulty can be found in implementing a diabetes diet plan into anyone's diet since it takes a fair amount of discipline over a period of time in order to see the desired results. Unfortunately, some patients just give up and go with insulin shots so that they can 'enjoy' dangerous foods. Eating a meals with lots of carbs will elevate insulin levels for those who suffer with type II. In order to get insulin levels down, lose weight and normalize blood sugar, a patient must strictly follow diabetes diet therapy. Doctors who treat patients can provide menu planning guidelines through medical dieticians who specialize in working with diabetics. Normalizing a diabetic can be tedious, but very rewarding especially when a patient begins to become symptom free as a result.
Part of implementing a diabetes diet plan is changing the way a patient thinks. "For thou are my hope, O Lord God: thou art my trust from my youth." (Psalms 71:5) Since a low carb eating plan is specified for type II diabetics, sugars are out and fat is in! However though unthinkable it is for those who want to lose weight, eating a certain amount of fats is alright in order to satisfy a patient's hunger. With the exception of trans fats which are the result of oil cooked at high temperatures for products such as margarines and corn oils, it's ok to eat foods like butter, coconut oil, fish oil and yes, lard. Trans fat has a negative effect on serum cholesterol which causes symptoms in type II diabetic patients.
A diabetes therapy diet can vary on certain foods, but foods such as sugars and processed flours like white flour are always restricted. Some foods are less harmful than others and menu plans can alternate between some foods in order to provide a patient with variations. There is a wide range of meats that are allowed including red meat, poultry and fish. Beef cuts, pork chops, bacon, chicken, and seafood are allowable on a low carb diet. Oysters have some carbs which nix them and liver of any kind is absolutely not allowed. Vegetables that are green such as broccoli, green beans, brussel sprouts, and celery are part of a good diet as well. Only some fruits are acceptable and in small amounts such as grapefruit, strawberries, and cranberries. No-no's are bananas, watermelon and oranges because they are high glycemic fruits.
Other diabetic diet offenders are rolls, buns, white rice, honey, non-diet carbonated drinks, potatoes, carrots, and alcoholic beverages. Even though there are quite a few restrictions on a well maintained diabetes diet plan, there are also many options for replacement of a favorite food or vegetable. Many food companies have developed low carb bars and food items that have proved to be tasty as well as healthy for those who must be on food restrictions. It's not hard to find a treat for mid-morning break or a pre-wrapped breakfast food to carry on the way to work. There are even pre-packaged TV dinners and frozen meals that can be purchased in many grocery stores that will fit into a diabetes diet therapy plan.
Going out to dinner can be a little more challenging and many patients who adhere strictly to a diabetes diet plan may need to be creative by bringing something on their own in order to be part of the dinner crowd. This can prove to be inconvenient at times, but there are also restaurants that are becoming more aware of the health conscious as they offer broiled, grilled or baked meats and entrees with side dishes that are acceptable to diabetic patients. It is always the most advantageous for anyone with this disease to control the disease through diabetes diet therapy, exercise and a stress managed lifestyle. Diabetics no longer need to think that symptoms and the disease itself cannot be managed, controlled and in some cases reversed. Under the careful supervision of a medical professional and with personal commitment, it is possible for a diabetic patient to live a long, healthy life relatively free from debilitating symptoms.