Weight Reduction Surgery
Individuals considering weight reduction surgery as a solution to their struggle with severe obesity are best advised to become completely informed before undergoing this serious, life changing procedure. "The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house." (Isaiah 44:13). In fact, since severe obesity tends to be an extremely difficult condition to overcome, many people feel that they should at least dare to consider this very serious undertaking in the attempt to finally win their battle. By the way, overweight people who have this condition are also described as being 'morbidly obese.' And other terms commonly used for this operative procedure are 'obesity surgery' and 'weight loss surgery'. Incidentally, the condition of being severely obese is a condition that is medically classified as 'chronic.' And finally, in this case the term 'morbid' is used to denote the pathological, or diseased, nature of this condition.
In their battle with this disease, before making the decision to attempt weight reduction surgery severely overweight individuals should first obtain a solid foundation of knowledge pertaining to this procedure directly from experts in the field. Hopeful candidates should also bear in mind that the procedure is not guaranteed to be effective in helping any and every person who has this condition. Basically, weight reduction surgery involves altering a person's stomach or small intestine. As a rule, the aim of the procedure is to either cut down on food intake or interrupt the person's process of digestion. When surgeons first began to perform this kind of operation, the weight loss resulted from a process called 'malabsorption'. And the term malabsorption refers to the surgical patient's diminished capacity to absorb nutrition. This lack of absorption stemmed from the fact that, initially, the surgeon performing obesity surgery either took out the intestines or else found an alternate route around them. But this original bypass practice was dropped as a means of weight loss because it also resulted in malnutrition. Besides this, all too often the consequence of this unpredictable type of surgery turned out to be the patient's death.
Fortunately, advances in medical knowledge and surgical technique have resulted in safer methods of weight reduction surgery becoming available. So there are two main types of this procedure that primarily focus on limiting the amount a patient's stomach is able to hold: restrictive and malabsorptive. First of all, restrictive surgical procedure makes an individual's stomach smaller. In other words, part of the patient's stomach is either closed or taken out. And this results in creating the sensation of being too full to eat any more. Second, the malabsorptive method involves surgery performed on the small intestine. For one thing, the small intestine is composed of two segments designated as the 'jejunum' and the 'ileum'. Here, the majority of nutrients and calories are absorbed into the body. So this latter procedure either reconnects the small intestine to another area of the patient's stomach, or else the small intestine's length is shortened. As a result of this, the amount of completely digested food is decreased. And worthy of note: this procedure is usually performed in conjunction with the restrictive one.
For those who are severely obese, weight reduction surgery may be the only viable way to improve their health. Not surprisingly these individuals often suffer, for example, from limitations in body movement as the result of carrying so many pounds. And the result of an obesity procedure is a substantial loss of weight; pathologically obese patients are classified as such when they are a hundred pounds overweight. In other words, these patients have a BMI that is above 40. Specifically, BMI stands for a person's 'body mass index'. And when an individual has a body mass index that is over 40, they can easily fall victim to other diseases, such as diabetes. One advantage is that the substantial loss benefit kicks in immediately after the procedure. An additional advantage is that this accelerated decrease in BMI continues, generally speaking, for the period of at least a year. Besides, weight reduction surgery results in a marked psychological relief for severely overweight individuals who have been subject to years of obesity related stress.
All in all, weight reduction surgery can be very beneficial for some individuals but before this is embraced as a solution experts advise getting complete information from a weight loss surgery information center. There, one is able to consult with experts and learn everything necessary before choosing this life-changing option. In addition, experts advise seeking out individuals who have already undergone this operation. In this way, real-life accounts of the process will help a candidate to better assess whether this is a suitable route for them to pursue. Also, there are forums and chat rooms on the Internet where a person can learn more, including details of life after the operation. In any case, one should only proceed after the risk has been fully understood. For example, extensive changes in the patient's habits will have to be made subsequent to the procedure. As further illustration, one must fully understand that they are running the risk of post-operative complications (such as hernias), nutritional deficiencies (such as anemia), and in a certain cases: death during the procedure. Also, relatively minor side effects such as increased gas, bloating, and nausea must also be taken into consideration prior to the operation. But finally, if the patient who experiences a successful operation fully understands that weight maintenance in the form of proper diet in conjunction with exercise are mandatory for continued success, then weight reduction surgery can bestow the enormous benefit of a healthy life.
Weight Loss SurgeryBariatric surgery is for patients who are 100 pounds or more overweight and who suffer from the failure to lose weight through any other method. The most common types of weight loss surgery include gastric banding, vertical banded gastroplasty, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and DISTAL gastric bypass. Initially a person interested in these types of procedures should consult a physician to find out about the pros and cons. It is extremely important that a physician is aware of any health problems or concerns beforehand and the patient needs to understand the importance of restricting caloric intake and the importance of exercise afterwards.
Obesity is a disease that can wreck havoc on the body and mind causing physical and psychological problems. Many people who are obese suffer from lack of self-esteem, lack of self-confidence and oftentimes depression. Physical problems that can be a result of being overweight are diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, arthritis, asthma, sleep apnea, acid reflux disease, urinary incontinence, and so on. Weight loss surgery provides new hope for individuals who haven't been able to lose those extra pounds through conventional means. A person faced with a decision to undergo surgery should seek God and pray for guidance remembering that God is faithful to keep His promises to His children. "Know therefore that the LORD thy God, He is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations;" (Deuteronomy 7:9).
Some physicians may offer a free diagnostic consultation for interested patients who are candidates for surgery. A candidate for bariatric surgery is someone who is 100 pounds or more overweight and has been so for 5 years or more. Another consideration for the procedure is whether or not an individual has tried other methods towards losing excess pounds. Doctors usually want candidates to have exhausted all other options before seeking weight loss surgery. Also, patients must be willing to commit to being disciplined after the operation by making appropriate lifestyle changes with diet and exercise.
One common procedure that has been successful for many individuals is known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Staples are used to create a smaller stomach and the remainder of the stomach is stapled completely shut. Part of the upper small intestine is bypassed and reattached to a lower portion to avoid absorption of calories consumed. Consuming large amounts of food or too many sugar laden foods after bariatric surgery can cause symptoms of nausea and dizziness. Continually eating large amounts of food can stretch the stomach making the procedure less effective over time.
DISTAL gastric bypass also known as duodenal switch is a procedure where part of the stomach is actually removed and the intestine is divided into 2 parts thus making the overall weight loss surgery successful by reducing the amount of food that can be eaten as well as limiting fats that are absorbed. Since there is a higher risk afterwards of developing gallstones the patient's gallbladder is usually removed during the operation and some physicians will go ahead and remove the appendix as well.
Gastric banding also known as adjustable lapband involves primarily banding the upper part of the stomach in order to reduce the size of the stomach so less food can be consumed. This bariatric surgery does not include cutting or stapling the stomach making it less invasive. Small incisions are made to insert the lapband device and then it is inflated once in place. This operation does not interfere with normal digestive processes but instead concentrates on reduction of stomach size for losing those extra pounds.
Vertical banded gastroplasty is similar to gastric banding but there is some stapling involved. The upper stomach is stapled vertically and a band is used to slow emptying of the stomach so the patient feels full for longer periods after eating. The vertical banded gastroplasty procedure does not interfere with normal digestive processes so it is less invasive than Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and DISTAL gastric bypass.
Monitoring caloric intake is very important when undergoing any type of bariatric surgery. The average amount of daily calories after the operation should only be 800. This should last for the first 18 months and then increase to about 1200 calories per day thereafter. Eating more than that can result in nausea, vomiting, and more severe complications including but not limited to stomach rupture.
The pros to shedding those unwanted pounds are numerous. A person who is successful with a weight lost surgery will have a new outlook on life. By being able to do more, be more active, take part in things that weren't possible before, an individual will often find a new self-confidence and zest for living. Losing extra pounds can mean a lot to those who have weight related health issues. A person suffering from type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure may find that they no longer have to take medication or through the process of accomplishing weight loss goals can gradually decrease medication until it is no longer needed.
Some of the cons or risks associated with the operation might include but are not limited to possible infection, excessive bleeding, water retention, nausea, vomiting, blood clots in the legs, blood in the urine, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Any of these symptoms appearing after the procedure should be discussed with the surgeon as soon as possible. Other cons might include the cost of the operation which averages about $12,000 depending on the procedure, the doctor, and the place where the surgery is performed.