Normal Testosterone Levels In Men
A physician will order tests that measure the normal testosterone levels in men when men exhibit certain symptoms. These tests will usually be given in the morning, the time when the hormone level is the highest in the male body. Some of the symptoms that may signify something wrong with the male reproductive system are reduction in body and facial hair, osteoporosis, changes in body composition, especially muscle mass, and higher level of anger, confusion, and depression. Other factors are an increase in fatigue, decrease in libido, erectile dysfunction, and infertility. People usually associate the male hormone, also called androgen, with the male body, but females also produce small amounts of this chemical and can also have symptoms when the chemical is not present. So normal testosterone levels in women can also be a factor in medical assessment. Treatment in the case of females will differ from that of men.
Physicians will often resort to replacement therapy to restore normal testosterone levels in men. These therapies can involve pills, injections, gels, or patches. These therapies are only prescribed after the doctor has seen the results of several laboratory tests that show a deficiency in the hormone. The serum prolactin level should also be measured to see if the pituitary gland is functioning properly. This hormonal deficiency can be caused by problems in the testes, the pituitary gland, or the hypothalamus in the brain. The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus are connected with producing the hormone. Testosterone levels in women are regulated by the ovaries. If the serum prolactin in a man is unusually high, the patient may be referred to an endocrinologist for further treatment. In either case, the patient must keep up his appointments with his doctor to measure how the therapy is functioning in his body. Some concerns from the treatment may be the presence of acne and an increase in breast size and tenderness.
Some patients should not receive these treatments, especially those who have had prostrate or breast cancer. Therefore, the doctor should perform a digital rectal examination (DRE) and a prostrate specific antigen test (PSA) before prescribing treatment to restore normal testosterone levels in men. Then these tests should be performed on a regular basis to make sure that no cancer cells are present. In fact, these tests should be performed on men who are forty years of age and older once per year. If there is an increase in the PSA or an abnormal DRE, then an ultrasound or a biopsy may be ordered. Another test that will probably be ordered when low hormone level is detected is a bone density test since that is one of the symptoms of a low hormone level. Not treating this symptom can result in fragile and broken bones. For females, many times physicians will test for estrogen and progesterone quantities but will ignore androgen capacity. In fact, testosterone levels in women drop before and after menopause, and can be the reason why the fairer sex cannot lose weight and face obesity. If the hormone quantities are not balanced at any age in life, they may experience these problems.
Studies have shown that men will receive many benefits from hormone therapies. They report feeling happier, with greater energy, and increased libido. Longer term advantages include the strengthening of bones and an increased pleasure in sex when normal testosterone levels in men are reinstated. Often, doctors don't realize the link between regaining muscle mass and losing body fat and the institutions of these therapies. Because of the social stigma, not many studies of the effects of hormone replacement among men and women have been undertaken. Testosterone levels in women have especially been lacking in studies. The medical community has long considered giving women androgen as an obesity factor, but new testing has been proving that wrong. In fact, the opposite has occurred and women have lost weight through hormone replacement therapies. Most women gain weight right before or after menopause, and this weight gain can become a problem for those who gain more than a few pounds. That's why it's essential for these studies to continue to find out what will happen as a result of giving women male hormones to replace the capacities they once had.
Genesis 1:27 says, "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them." This shows that the male and the female bodies are different from each other. The therapies that each gender receives needs to be tailor made for that sex. Men cannot benefit from therapy designed for women and vice versa. Normal testosterone levels in men are completely different than the testosterone levels in women. Hormone replacement therapy should not be undertaken in either sex simply as a weight-loss program. Birth control pills in young women often will leave the balance between all hormones askew, and can result in weight gain and decreased libido. That's because there is a drop in androgen in a woman's body while under birth control pills. Just like men, women also need top preserve hard body mass to preserve health beyond menopause. It can also be a source of increased energy in women. Low interest in sex is a problem for women of increasing age, and therefore needs to be addressed by the medical community. Restoring enjoyment in sex can have so many good repercussions, such as putting the joy back in a marriage, relieving stress and depression, and improve body composition. That's how restoring the hormonal balance can benefit both males and females.
Symptoms Of Low TestosteroneMany men experience symptoms of low testosterone but are too embarrassed to consult a doctor about these types of problems. The hormone is responsible for the development and the growth of the male sexual organs. Problems of low hormone levels can begin in childhood or may manifest itself during puberty. Baby boys can develop infantile genitalia and lack of virilization. When teenagers develop problems, it may be difficult for them to understand because they are developing their sexual reproductive organs and may not understand what the normal process is for their age. But they may experience low libido and other indications that their bodies are not growing properly and not realize the seriousness of their deficiency. But the cause of low testosterone levels may actually give them a lack of confidence in their own transition to adulthood.
Adult men have symptoms of low testosterone such as diminished libido, erectile dysfunction, infertility, changes in body composition, less body hair, or osteoporosis. Men may also experience greater degrees of anger, more confusion, deeper depression, and greater fatigue with the cause of low testosterone levels. These warning signs may be hard to pinpoint, and many men may spend years putting up with indications that could be handled through medical care. One of the main treatments is hormone replacement therapy in which the patient is given hormones to boost the lack in the body. The medications can be given orally, through injections, or with a skin patch on the scrotum. Each type of treatment has its benefits and its side effects, but the therapy should be tailor made for each person's situation and medical history.
The first thing the physician will do is to take a medical history of the patient who complains of symptoms of low testosterone. This medical history will determine any abnormalities at birth, the process of puberty, and the current condition of sexual characteristics, such as beard growth, energy level, incidence of erections, penile rigidity, and muscle strength. The doctor will also ask questions about the patient's thought life, such as sexual feelings, desires, and fantasies. Because the cause of low testosterone levels may be low bone density, a hip fracture may also be a warning of this disease.
Hormonal screening is the first test given to determine whether the patient is suffering from this condition or not. Sometimes, men may desire to go through hormonal replacement therapy even when medical tests do not indicate this treatment because they want to remedy other problems in their sexual lives. But this treatment is only indicated for men who have symptoms of low testosterone and not emotional or psychological difficulties unrelated to the condition. In the case of those who need to deal with emotional or psychological factors, other treatments will be indicated. Also, some men experience sexual difficulties because of other medical problems, such as those who are taking medications with side effects or even those who have diseases with sexual side effects. These men need to treat the original problem rather than receive hormonal treatments.
When men receive the correct amount of replacement therapy, the symptoms of low testosterone should disappear. The therapy should approximate the natural production of the hormone. The average male produces 4 to 7 mg of male hormone per day with most produced in the morning and very little in the evening. When the correct medication is administered, the man should see the bone density stabilized, muscle strength increase, his mood and energy improve, and his sexual characteristics improve, including erectile function. The best treatments will result in few unwanted side effects. Oral medications may result in abnormalities in the liver. Intramuscular injections may result in fluctuations in libido and other sexual indicators. The transdermal system may result in scrotal skin irritation. All these medications need to have a doctor's ongoing oversight. These patients need to be monitored to make sure that hormone concentrations are in the normal range. Each three to six months, a doctor should perform a digital rectal examination (DRE) and prostate specific antigen (PSA). (These tests should be performed annually on men over 40 years of age.) A bone density test may also be ordered for certain patients. However, this treatment is not advised for men who have had cancer of the breast or the prostrate because the therapy may increase the growth of these tumors.
Any type of medical course means that the patient must take care of himself and be honest in his assessment of sexual health. Proverbs 1:5 says, "A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels." Not only do the wise listen to good spiritual counsel, but they also listen to wise medical counsel. For some men, this is difficult because of the arena which the disease has taken--his own sexual ability. It is hard to admit that there are problems in the sexual arena. But to find the cause of low testosterone levels, he must consult a doctor and be honest in discussing his problems with a personal physician. Many men will find relief in three to six weeks of beginning the medical course. They find strength returning, sexual desires increasing, irritability disappearing, and even a sparkle in their step. This treatment can also increase red blood count, which will also give a feeling of well-being. For those who qualify for this medication, life can be much better with just a bit of medical intervention.